Sara Martín Gutiérrez* y Gabriela de Lima Grecco**
* Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España ** Departamento de Historia Contemporánea, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, España
Saving the souls. Gender discourses and religion in the Spanish Catholic Action’s magazines
This article presents, through the categorical binomial gender and religion, an analysis of three women’s magazines published by the Spanish Catholic Action (ACE) in the 1940s and 1950s: Volad. Revista de las Muchachas Inteligentes, for young women; Para Nosotras. Revista para Obreras, for women workers; and Ecclesia, oriented to a wider audience, to Catholic women and men. The purpose of this paper is to establish a connection between the discourses spread from Catholicism, especially from its most prominent organization, the ACE, and the consolidation of a gender model that assumed the Franco regime as its own. On the other hand, we intend to point out the role of Catholics in the dissemination of these gender discourses, and in questioning of the alleged separation between the public and the private sphere. This investigation was carried out through the analysis of documents from the Spanish Catholic Action and the Spanish National Library.
Spanish Catholic Action, women magazines, gender, religion, Francoism