Salud y Población LGBTI+ en Chile: desde la invisibilidad a un enfoque identitario

43 | 2021

Caterine Galaz*, Catalina Álvarez Martínez-Conde**, Rodolfo Morrison***

* Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Chile, Comuna de Ñuñoa, Santiago de Chile, Chile
** Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Departamento de Psicología Social, Barcelona, España
*** Universidad de Chile, Independencia, Santiago de Chile, Chile

Health and LGBTI+ People in Chile: From invisibility to an identity-based approach

Public policies on non-heterosexual sexualities in Chile have shifted from an intentional invisibility to a recent focus on the identity of LGBTI+ people. After the dictatorship, the category of “sexual diversity” in health became gradually acknowledged as a right, at the same time that regulations were established about legitimate practices of making/being for LGBTI+ people. Through a discourse analysis of health regulations, plans and guidelines, we present an historical analysis of the way in which views about sexual orientation and gender identity have evolved in this area from the end of the dictatorship (1990) to the present. Three forms of action have emerged over time: a) invisibility as a norm or “policy of non-policy”; b) a problematic construction of sexual orientation and gender identity; c) identity overspecification of public health policies.


gender identity, sexual behaviour, public policy, health, sexual diversity

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Direitos de autor: Creative Commons – CC BY NC